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Diateichisma (fortification wall) Philopappou

“Diateichisma” was built by the Athenians at the end of the 4th century B.C. in order to confront the approaching danger from Macedonians. The new wall, which established a boundary on the crests of the Hill of the Mouses (Philopappos),

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The landscaping of Dimitris Pikionis (Philopappou)

D. Pikionis (1887-1968) was an inspired architect, city planner, artist, scenographer and philoshopher. Together with his students he executed the most important architectural landscape project in modern Athens between May 1954 and Febrauary 1958. The project involved the archaiological site

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The church of St. Demetrius Loumbardiaris (Philopappou)

A small 12th c. Byzantine chapel of the vaulted single-aisle basilica type.  The chapel is built at the site of the north tower of the Diateichisma gate, called Dipylon above the Gates, and near a small temple-shaped structure, built in

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Socrates jail (Philopappou)

The cutting of groundwork and even of whole rooms into the rocky parts of the Hills west of the Acropolis (the Areopagus, the Hills of the Nymphs and of the Mouses, the Pnyx) is especially characteristic of the area, which

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Kimoneia mnimata (Philopappou)

The rectangular opening in the rockface on the northwest side of the hill of the Muses (Philopappou) serves as an entrance to a double tomb carved into bedrock. The grave complex is divided, along an east-west axis, into two compartments

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Philopappos Monument (Filopappou)

According to Pausanias, an ancient traveler writer of the 2nd c.AD, the highest of the three Hills west of Acropolis was named after Mousaios poet who lived, taught and buried there. The rock out square to the northeast of the

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